Resins And Their Types

images-1The art market is flooded with different types of casting resins. Each bears a different set of properties and is therefore suited for specific applications. There are a lot of possibilities in store and deciding which resin is suitable for a task requires a clear understanding of its purpose and effects.

The main types of resins used in artworks are:

Polyester resin: This is also known as fiberglass resin as this resin is used as a binder in fiberglass products. It comes as a viscous, honey like liquid and is a contact product which does not require any pressure to cure. The resin cures within hours to give a very hard finish. It can be sanded and polished to yield a clear and shiny surface.

Polyester resin is easy to use and emerges as the cheapest of all resins. However, the resin products are not UV resistant and can break easily when dropped. Moreover, the resin itself emits a noxious odor that is dangerous to health. Using a respirator is always advisable.

Epoxy resin: This is an all

Intensity of Emotion in Art

download-4The intensity of emotion is best expressed by using the dynamic methods of an art form. Every creative subject has its own formalized approaches for dynamic usage, but in general dynamics are tools we can use as options for increasing or decreasing the amount of emotion flowing between artist and audience.

The flow of emotion through art is a two-way flow occurring between two terminals – the artist’s mind and the audience’s mind. The flow is smooth when the emotional impact sends a feedback signal that is regular and consistent, but rough and jagged when inconsistencies cause disturbances to the balance of smoothness. Both of these effects change by manipulating the types of emotions in question with their artistic dynamic equivalents.

The emotional impact of a dynamic component can be altered in one of two basic categories: suddenly and gradually.

A sudden impact will manifest as a punch or direct influence with no subtlety about it, but sometimes it will occur as a harmonious and seamless emergence within a work of art. In contrast, a gradual emotional impact

9 Interesting Ways to Enjoy Books More Thoroughly

download-3I was born a book lover. I wanted so badly to read at age 4 that I would rip them to pieces out of frustration. I remember my trips to Friends Bookstore where I would spend pocket change for Choose your Adventures and Nancy Drew. I remember my trips to the local library to check out language learning and craft making books. I smile a mile wide remembering the Scholastic book fair catalog my school sent home, full of the thoughtfully selected Newbery Award Winners and books that came with Stickers.

I was and still am a sponge for knowledge and adventure and I’ve never found a more conducive way to learn and exercise my imagination. Books unlock entire worlds for people who otherwise don’t have the means. How powerful is that? If that alone is not enough motivation to get you reading regularly, I am sharing my fun reading habits with you.

1. Start a collection

An exciting way to interact with your books other than reading them is to hunt them! I currently enjoy collecting books written

The Life of a Statue

The statues that I make start in a dimension between awakening and sleeping. Somewhere at a certain moment they are inside my hand and I draw them or they instantly find their way into clay or another material. And then they’re there. New statues, not yet finished at once. Something still has to be done. A cheek or a leg is not yet completed. Perhaps the basic shape is all right, but the skin needs some attention. Something still irritates and itches. So the statue has to wait until I am ready to see the right things and make the right changes. At a certain moment it has gained its own reason for existence, away from me. When it is a good sculpture, I will be surprised as well as another viewer. The sculpture will tell its own story, more complete than I intended when I was making it.

And then the moment comes when the statue is finished. All set to dry or be abraded or polished, due to the material I worked with.

The statue lives in my studio for a while. Covered by a bag and a piece of cloth. Or just naked

How to Buy Art, Tips and Tricks

– Find an artist who makes what appeals to you. Look on the internet, there are various online platforms. Visit galleries or art markets. Ask around. Looking at art repeatedly will help you to determine what you really like.

– Do you have financial space to spend money on art? Just how much are you able and willing to pay?

– If you do not have the financial resources, is there something else you can trade with the artist of your choice? Perhaps you can repair her car or help him with some book-keeping, help install an exhibition, take professional pictures of the works or swap goods you make.

– Buying directly from the artist really gives you your money’s worth. You avoid having to pay a broker.

– Ask the artist to show you some of his older pieces that might be in his way. Should you find something of your liking the benefit is mutual: the artist gains space in his studio with the knowledge that his work is appreciated by someone and you will have it at a very competitive price.

– Inform if the artist accepts payment by installments.

Influence of Industrialism on Arts

Engineering, technology, and industrialization have made our lives much better. There is no doubt about that. They have transformed our society and for better or worse, they have also changed the way we perceive and admire Arts and Artisan’s efforts around us. But, to what extent?

Everything that modern man uses has been manufactured en masse and Information technology have made Earth a global village. People can interact with each other thousands of miles away in sub-seconds and travel around the world in a matter of hours. So, they have a faster and direct access to what is being expressed in the form of art and literature. That has changed things a lot too.

There were some art forms that were transformed with the advent of modern machines. Camera photography gave people the unprecedented ability to capture any moment instantaneously. When photography was invented in 1830, painters felt threatened by the new invention. They eventually distinguished Arts form from Photography and began to experiment with impressionism, abstract arts, surrealism and other forms of modern painting concepts that were partly fueled by industrialism and the new social settings in an industrial world. Another significant impact of the

Each Material Has Its Own Character

Sculpting is possible with all materials available. You can fold paper, carve, saw or assemble wood, compile different materials into one piece, weld, forge, emboss iron, mould clay, cast bronze or synthetic material, glue various things together, work with glass, whatever you want.

But only practice makes perfect. So when you happen to be inexperienced with a certain material, your sculpture will need to gain from other things that you do really well. When carving wood, for example, you have to consider the angle of the grain. You use your chisel at a certain tilt, the grain directing how much wood you can cut away. When studying ancient woodwork you will learn and understand why certain shapes were chosen. When you work with clay it may take a while before you are able to make skin look as smooth as you want to or leave it as coarse as needed. Working with bronze requires a separate technique. First making a wax model, creating a mould for casting, it is completely different from ceramics.

It might turn out to be frustrating when you want to try working with material previously unknown to you. But you can also

Shading Techniques in Art

Shading is the technique of showing tones or values on an object through gradual gradations for it to look ‘solid’ and have a three dimensional effect. Shading techniques allow you to weave layer upon layer of pencil marks to add a convincing form to your line drawing. Shading adds a sense of substance to your subject and produces a convincing tonal relationship. Drawings take on a three dimensional form when shaded properly.

To render shades correctly on drawn objects, the artist must carefully observe the source of light that is striking various values of tones or shades on the drawn objects. After realizing the source of light, the artist must study closely the reflections of the light on areas of the objects to know the lightest and darkest sections. After establishing the endpoints or extremes thus the lightest valued areas as well as the darkest valued areas, the remaining area with a mid-half tone between the two extremes is the middle value.

The tones are adjusted as many times to make it look realistic. It is advised that artists step back periodically to look at the drawing and the subject in a distance to view and

How to Find Wall Art That Compliments the Room It Is in

Above anything else in a room – art brings all the tangible components including furniture, fabrics and finishes together – but that is only where it begins. Art really contributes to the totality of a space, through creating atmosphere with enhancing the mood and personality of a room. Art presented together in such a way, heightens your senses, making the room a more inviting and inspiring place for you to be in.

For this cohesion to occur, the selection of art that best compliments a room comes about through a careful blending of discernment and paying close attention to your sensory responses to art.

It is important to discover the mood of the space through reviewing its style. The idea here is that art needs to reflect and be in concert with the existing space… to be in harmony with the room style.

It is best to start with thoughtfully observing the context and atmosphere the art will inhabit. Although there are numerous room styles, there are 4 that most will fall within. As a guideline these briefly include:

1. Contemporary rooms that show soft lines and linear shapes in neutral tones that are

Care Tips For Your Acrylic Displays

Acrylic is among the most popular materials used for display cabinets and display cases. You will also find acrylic display stands and shelves that are suitable for your business to present products in an impressive way that attracts the customers. The good looks of the material are probably its best-selling point, it is a hard plastic that looks like glass and apart from the clear look, you can also find the plastic in several other colors so you can select what works best for your business.

Acrylic displays are impact resistant, making them ideal for busy stores that even experience playful children. You will have fewer accident worries when you have acrylic display cases and you do not even to think about replacement costs. If you are a business that sells food, the displays also work best because will not be affected by elements such as high temperatures that could end up ruining your food. This is a material that is also not that hard to clean and maintain and you will spend less time on the cleaning. It is not that hard to maintain a clean fabulous look with your acyclic display cases but a few

Relevant Tips For Package Designing and Construction

Products must be packaged in a well-designed and constructed packages to attract clients. A wide range of tools, materials and techniques can be used in the designing and production of packages. Some of these materials include cardboard, metal, glass, plastic, fabric, straw, polythene, Styrofoam, etc. The choice of any of these materials for the building of a package is dependent on some factors. Such factors include the kind of product the package is intended to protect, its transportation, the period or duration for the safe keeping of the product, etc. Also, in the selection of a suitable material as a package for a product, the artist should consider seriously the size, shape, and design of the product as well as the background of the intended buyers or market group. This largely dictates the choice of material and technique to be used for the designing and construction of the package.

Label

It is a slip of paper or other material which is well designed and decorated for affixing on bottles, cans, plastic containers etc. to indicate its nature, ownership and destination. Labels are used for advertising products. Labels are attractive and they give information about the product.

Creating Adventure

Yesterday I did something new. Together with a fellow artist Jan Tervoort I changed a sculpture into a new sculpture. It was a portrait. There are times when you are not completely sure of things anymore. That’s when you have to search for new tracks, new things. Push or transform your boundaries.

I have known Jan for quite some time and I am impressed with his work. It is beautiful, profound, abundant. Sitting in his workroom we can chat for hours about art and everything allied and for a while we have been searching for a co-project, something that will belong to both of us. Because one plus one sometimes equals more than two. We are both inquiring artists and view our work with healthy suspicion. What can be improved, what on earth am I doing, when is it all right, is this all right, is this all right. Therefore the idea was born that we could create something together that neither of us would be able to achieve on our own.

Being a curious artist makes you vulnerable. When questioning many things in order to reach the best possible image you have to listen to

Why Preliminary Designing Is Important in Leatherwork

Preliminary design refers to the designs that are made prior to the production of the real product in Leatherwork. They are usually in the form of sketches carried out on paper. Preliminary designing is of immense importance in the field of Leatherwork production.

• It offers opportunity for selecting from a series of designs-

Preliminary designing helps the leather artist to have a wide range of designs to choose from for the designing of leather articles. This helps him to make a better choice of design for his products because he is not handicapped as far as design selection is concerned.

• It prevents wastage of materials-

It assists the leather craftsman to envision how a finished product would look like. This enables him to use his raw materials judiciously, avoiding unnecessary waste. He cuts his materials with accuracy and precision because he had planned the cutting of each part of the leather product.

• Gives the chance to have the end products in view-

Preliminary designing helps the leather craftsman to see how the finished product will look like even before its execution. This helps him to make the necessary corrections

Classification of The Uses of Leather

Leather has various uses in almost all the undertakings and activities of individuals, societies and the nation as a whole. Its immense use cannot be exaggerated. However, for purposes of easy identification and study, the uses of leather have been classified or grouped into seven namely, Clothing and body items, War and Defense, Education, Chieftaincy and culture, Containers for storage and services, Sports and entertainment and Industry.

1. Clothing and Body Items

Leather is used in producing items that are worn on the body for various purposes such as protective, decorative or medicinal. Leather is used in making garments and apparels to be worn as clothes on the body. Also, other items for personal adornments, such as hats, beads, footwear, buttons and belt are made from leather.

2. War and Defense

Items in leather play protective roles in warfare. For instance, leather is fashioned into weapons of war and defense, such as shields to protect the individual when missiles are fired by opponents, bows for fighting, quivers, and arrows for battling with enemies, talisman and amulets that give spiritual protection to the wearers. While talisman wards off evil forces away from its wearer, amulets,

How To Decorate Leather Using Tooling, Marbling, Dabbing, Printing, Painting and Patchwork

Increasing the aesthetic qualities of an item to be produced is one of the powerful means through which manufacturers win greater market share for their products. The leather craftsman must know these decorative techniques so that s/he can utilise them in improving the attractiveness of his/her products. This article gives a core description of tooling, dyeing, marbling, dabbing, painting and patchwork.

1. Tooling

This decorative technique involves the creation of fine outlined patterns on a leather item. The leather material is moisture or made damp. The outlined pattern is created with pencil onto the leather item. A round sharp edged tool which can be heated is made to go through the outlines to create the pattern on the leather item. In tooling, the image is always sunken as compared to embossing.

2. Marbling

This decorative technique has several ways of being achieved. One way is by crumpling the leather material before the dyes are poured or sprinkled onto specific areas of the leather material with the help of a teaspoon. Sometimes areas of the leather are tied with threads before the dye is sprinkled or is immersed in the dye solution.

Another marbling

Enhancing The Aesthetic Outlook of Leather Items

There are various ways of heightening the aesthetic appeal of items produced with leather. Some of these include printing, carving or incision, embossing, weaving, in-laying, on-laying, thonging, stamping and scorching. These decorative processes have been discussed in this article.

1. Printing

This is the process of transferring an inked design onto a leather material either by the use of screens, relief blocks or stencils. Oil based paints and permanent inks are used for printing designs onto the leather material.

2. Carving/ Incision

This decorative technique involves reducing the thickness of the leather around a marked out design on a leather material by chipping away or cutting off, the same as with wood or other materials. The leather material should be damp before the carving is done with a suitable sharp knife.

3. Embossing

This is the creation of a raised design or pattern on a leather material. This can be done by placing a cut-out template of the design or pattern on a hard board. The damp leather is laid on it, after which the edges of the cutout template are defined with the fingers or any appropriate tool to create a

How To Design and Produce Functional Items in Leather: Briefcase, Belt and Leather Suspended Chair

One of the interesting aspect in the field of Leatherwork is creatively manipulating the leather material to come out with aesthetically pleasing and functional products that can be used in playing various roles in our everyday life. This includes enhancing our personal outlook through the use of items for personal grooming like belts, briefcases for storage purposes and chairs for seating. The steps in producing these functional items have been discussed in this article.

a. Designing and production of a Briefcase

Tools; Lacing needle, knife, steel rule, rivet setter, and edge creaser.
Materials: Leather, lining, thread, cardboard, and rivet.

Process;

1. Make preliminary sketches of the briefcase.

2. Select the most suitable design and prepare the templates.

3. Use the templates to cut out the various parts of the briefcase.

4. Sew the various parts together to form the briefcase.

5. Finish the briefcase to enhance its outlook.

b. Designing and production of a Belt

Tools: Steel rule, square point knife, rivet setter, leather punch, edge beveller, and brush.
Materials: Leather, rivet, and shoe cream.

Process:

1. Use the draw gauge or any appropriate stripping tool

The Different Ways of Dyeing Leather

Dyeing is one of the major processes in the decoration of leather items. It is the process of permanently changing the colour of leather by the use of a liquid colourant. The core fibres of the leather which are porous in nature absorbs and permanently holds the dye solution. The whole skin can be dyed before it is cut for the production of leather articles or parts of an already produced item can equally be dyed. However, when a whole leather is dyed, there is an even penetration of the dye.

If articles are to be produced before the application of dyes on some parts of the article, it is advisable that holes in products such as belts, straps, etc. must be punched before the application of the dyes since dyes stiffen leather. Also, the dyes will colour and seal the hole edges making them uniform. Dyeing must be carried out before the fixing of any findings such as snaps, rivets, buckles, etc. The leather surface must be free from any foreign matter. The leather must, therefore, be thoroughly washed to improve the dyeing increasing the absorption and penetration rate of the leather.

There are several

How To Differentiate Between Natural and Synthetic Leathers

Natural and synthetic leather share strong similarities in many respects. Therefore, it is important that we know their unique characteristics to make it easier to distinguish amongst them. Also, the prices of high-quality synthetic leather items are somewhat similar to those of natural leather. Owing to this, one may even mistake synthetic leather as natural leather. This article unveils the unique features of both the natural and synthetic types while highlighting their strengths and limitations. This will assist leather craftsmen and clients who will be adequately informed about the types of leather to choose for the production of a particular article.

Some of the unique features of synthetic leather that would make its identification less strenuous have been stated below.

1. It is a chemical compound that can smell badly by false processing and become discolored by taints applied.

2. It is very cold, so it is not good to wear the garment even on a windy autumn day.

3. It is heavier in weight than sheepskin, but lighter than cowhide.

4. When it gets into contact with fire it burns out immediately, even with a quick touch of fire from a lighter.

Finishing Techniques in Leatherwork

Finishing is concerned with the improvement of the hand and appearance of a product so as to enhance its general outlook and maximize its marketability potentials. It is essential that Leatherwork articles are finished in any of the accepted finishing techniques to heighten their design and aesthetic qualities. There are various appropriate techniques through which leather products can be finished. Some of these techniques are burnishing, waxing, polishing, spraying, texturing, patenting. using conditioners, soaps, and cleaners.

1. Burnishing

This is a decorative process in which a smooth surface/tool is rubbed over the surface of the leather to produce a sheen. The leather is placed on a hard surface. Then a blunt, smooth tool, for example, Stone, bottle, bulb, spoon, marble or some smooth, hard object is used to rub over the surface of the leather on the grain side to produce a shiny effect. This is done by starting from a point and working gradually to all parts of the leather until a uniform sheen is produced. By this process, the rough surface of the leather and any wrinkles are smoothed or polished. This is done by rigorously rubbing the surface of leather with a tool