Resins And Their Types

images-1The art market is flooded with different types of casting resins. Each bears a different set of properties and is therefore suited for specific applications. There are a lot of possibilities in store and deciding which resin is suitable for a task requires a clear understanding of its purpose and effects.

The main types of resins used in artworks are:

Polyester resin: This is also known as fiberglass resin as this resin is used as a binder in fiberglass products. It comes as a viscous, honey like liquid and is a contact product which does not require any pressure to cure. The resin cures within hours to give a very hard finish. It can be sanded and polished to yield a clear and shiny surface.

Polyester resin is easy to use and emerges as the cheapest of all resins. However, the resin products are not UV resistant and can break easily when dropped. Moreover, the resin itself emits a noxious odor that is dangerous to health. Using a respirator is always advisable.

Epoxy resin: This is an all purpose resin that costs more than its polyester counterpart and can take several days to cure completely. However, it gives a clear finish and a sealer spray will give a nice glossy finish. It is safe and a respirator is not required. It is still advisable to wear gloves and operate in a well-ventilated area.

Polyurethane resin: The most popular and widely used resin is the polyurethane version. It is available in both opaque and water clear versions. But it proves heavier on the pocket, especially the clear varieties.

The leading benefit is that polyurethane resins set pretty quickly, some within a matter of minutes. It is commonly used for making toys and figurines. Polyurethane resins have proved suitable for cold casting and even mold making variations are available. The cast is quite durable and will not break easily. However, the only drawback is that the resin is sensitive to moisture and fails to cure properly in humid environments or even in molds that contain water.

Silicone resin: Not many people may be aware that resin comes in a silicone variation as well that again cures within hours. However, it yields a rubbery finish which is more suitable for making molds for casting other resins. These molds have a long shelf life and can be used again and again.

In sum, when it comes to deciding which resin to use, keep in mind that polyurethanes are best suited for most applications as they cure within minutes, are durable and can be buffed to a shine as well. However, you need to steer clear of the same polyurethanes when working in humid areas.

Polyester resin products turn out hard and can be sanded to get a glossy finish, but they may yellow with age. Epoxy resin is suitable but cannot be buffed and needs an additional layer of resin to get a good finish.

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Intensity of Emotion in Art

download-4The intensity of emotion is best expressed by using the dynamic methods of an art form. Every creative subject has its own formalized approaches for dynamic usage, but in general dynamics are tools we can use as options for increasing or decreasing the amount of emotion flowing between artist and audience.

The flow of emotion through art is a two-way flow occurring between two terminals – the artist’s mind and the audience’s mind. The flow is smooth when the emotional impact sends a feedback signal that is regular and consistent, but rough and jagged when inconsistencies cause disturbances to the balance of smoothness. Both of these effects change by manipulating the types of emotions in question with their artistic dynamic equivalents.

The emotional impact of a dynamic component can be altered in one of two basic categories: suddenly and gradually.

A sudden impact will manifest as a punch or direct influence with no subtlety about it, but sometimes it will occur as a harmonious and seamless emergence within a work of art. In contrast, a gradual emotional impact will usually seem to come from a far distance or an unexpected angle by slowly drawing an increasing amount of the audience’s attention to it for a pleasing surprise.

Using dynamics as a diagnostic tool is a way of testing, measuring, and adjusting the intensity of emotion in an art form.

Gradual change or a sudden impact basically comprise all types of dynamic categories, but it’s the combination, structure and timing of each of these elements that alter the distribution of emotional intensity in creative work.

By pushing some dynamic factors to extremes and reducing others to levels where you’d hardly notice their presence, you begin to get a feel for how each factor will interact with every other factor you’re using.

Here are a few dynamic components that an artist must control in any of their creative works that give them the power to alter the intensity of emotion as well as the emotional impact that is in their product.


















In whatever manner an artist uses dynamic components to generate new and unique artistic experiences, it is very important that the work expresses a clear statement and definite idea that is truly the artist’s creative vision. A simple concept, short phrase, ingredient list, color scheme, or dramatic theme are all great places to start.

Once you’ve got a basis or foundation from which to grow and build a composition, it’s easy to begin testing different dynamic components to determine the results of each experiment. Note taking can be extremely helpful and invaluable during this part of the process so as to trace your line of progress.

The process will soon accelerate and bring you even closer to the end product. Each line of progress will reveal some new element, an interesting combination of factors, or an unusual result that can be re-created and explored at a later time.

One of the most important keys to forming successful pieces of art is by illustrating in its structure how the result developed or grew. The combination of elements should form a harmony or balance of factors that seem like they couldn’t have existed apart from each other or that they somehow always belonged together.

Ultimately, the goal of experimenting with various dynamic elements is to make discoveries through unexpected surprises, marvelous accidents, or clever feats of chance that couldn’t have been planned in advance. This is the realm of game-changing artistic products, which are truly ground-breaking, and that usher in “the new” and set trends.

Every artistic idea possesses a little piece of the artist himself and becomes imbued with part of their life energy. This is part of the alchemy of creative work, where the artist extends himself into the work of art and the piece begins to take on a life of its own.

Marc Avante is a musician, sound designer, and blogger. He is also the founder of the music project called Stereo Thesis. Stereo Thesis is a prototype sound design and music studio.

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9 Interesting Ways to Enjoy Books More Thoroughly

download-3I was born a book lover. I wanted so badly to read at age 4 that I would rip them to pieces out of frustration. I remember my trips to Friends Bookstore where I would spend pocket change for Choose your Adventures and Nancy Drew. I remember my trips to the local library to check out language learning and craft making books. I smile a mile wide remembering the Scholastic book fair catalog my school sent home, full of the thoughtfully selected Newbery Award Winners and books that came with Stickers.

I was and still am a sponge for knowledge and adventure and I’ve never found a more conducive way to learn and exercise my imagination. Books unlock entire worlds for people who otherwise don’t have the means. How powerful is that? If that alone is not enough motivation to get you reading regularly, I am sharing my fun reading habits with you.

1. Start a collection

An exciting way to interact with your books other than reading them is to hunt them! I currently enjoy collecting books written in the 1800s and books signed by their authors. I shop for them at thrift stores, the Dollar Tree and I buy books written by people I meet. I read them and then visit them to get my copy signed.

2. Have a coffee and read at Barnes & Noble

This is like the Scholastic book fair for adults. Their book selection is thoughtful and so are their customers. You could meet someone special! In fact you are likely to meet someone interesting if you can find opportunity to open dialogue.

3. Spend your credit card reward points or cash back on books

Treat yourself to a good one! What better way to spend these minuscule rewards for carrying debt?

4. Read the book before you watch the movie

You’ve heard this one before! I haven’t done this intentionally, but have accidentally. I’ll jump on the next bandwagon.

5. Dog ear, highlight and make notes in the margins

Get even more incredible use and value from these books by using them to their fullest. I once knew a man whose mom passed and his favorite thing of hers was her books. He told me “she touched and read these pages, I wonder what thoughts she had in comparison to mine”. He’d know if she made notes and highlighted passages that were significant to her!

6. Gift books to others

Next time you need to purchase a gift for someone make it a thoughtful gift. Even non-readers can appreciate an easy-read, a comedy or a coffee table book.

7. Spread the love

I have a main library, a mini library in my bathroom and I keep one in my car for times I have to wait (like during an oil change). I don’t force myself to finish a book I start and I can read up to 3-4 books at once.

8. Enhance your reading experience

Form a ritual. Maybe you read at the same time daily, light a candle or start an essential oil diffuser, have a favorite beverage, etc.

9. Get creative with bookmarks

You can start a collection of beautiful store-bought bookmarks, make your own or repurpose your birthday cards or concert tickets.

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The Life of a Statue

The statues that I make start in a dimension between awakening and sleeping. Somewhere at a certain moment they are inside my hand and I draw them or they instantly find their way into clay or another material. And then they’re there. New statues, not yet finished at once. Something still has to be done. A cheek or a leg is not yet completed. Perhaps the basic shape is all right, but the skin needs some attention. Something still irritates and itches. So the statue has to wait until I am ready to see the right things and make the right changes. At a certain moment it has gained its own reason for existence, away from me. When it is a good sculpture, I will be surprised as well as another viewer. The sculpture will tell its own story, more complete than I intended when I was making it.

And then the moment comes when the statue is finished. All set to dry or be abraded or polished, due to the material I worked with.

The statue lives in my studio for a while. Covered by a bag and a piece of cloth. Or just naked between other statues in the making or almost finished. In my universe, in my breath, in my attention. Amongst friends and acquaintances, in the ballet of my hands. Until it is finished. Then it will be photographed (for the books) and put into a box to wait for an exhibition or a presentation.

At an exhibition the statues are in balance with each other and the surrounding work. Each piece getting the space it needs, with the right lighting, with an opponent who can handle it and is able to make it radiate. An ideal situation. People who come to visit, see the work in all its beauty.

And they buy it. The statue is coming home where it belongs. In a new environment surrounded by unfamiliar and strange novelties. And here the new owners also create the ideal situation, only in a completely different way, in a new universe with diverse life forms. Here the statue tells its story with a contrasting hue in a new light. Nuances move, the foundation born between awakening and sleeping remains forever. Everywhere.

Some sculptures will eventually be sold to museums, public spaces where they will be cared for and explained to many passers-by. Every now and then someone will be enchanted by the whisper from a strange universe and will recognize a part of his own heart.

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