Resins And Their Types

images-1The art market is flooded with different types of casting resins. Each bears a different set of properties and is therefore suited for specific applications. There are a lot of possibilities in store and deciding which resin is suitable for a task requires a clear understanding of its purpose and effects.

The main types of resins used in artworks are:

Polyester resin: This is also known as fiberglass resin as this resin is used as a binder in fiberglass products. It comes as a viscous, honey like liquid and is a contact product which does not require any pressure to cure. The resin cures within hours to give a very hard finish. It can be sanded and polished to yield a clear and shiny surface.

Polyester resin is easy to use and emerges as the cheapest of all resins. However, the resin products are not UV resistant and can break easily when dropped. Moreover, the resin itself emits a noxious odor that is dangerous to health. Using a respirator is always advisable.

Epoxy resin: This is an all purpose resin that costs more than its polyester counterpart and can take several days to cure completely. However, it gives a clear finish and a sealer spray will give a nice glossy finish. It is safe and a respirator is not required. It is still advisable to wear gloves and operate in a well-ventilated area.

Polyurethane resin: The most popular and widely used resin is the polyurethane version. It is available in both opaque and water clear versions. But it proves heavier on the pocket, especially the clear varieties.

The leading benefit is that polyurethane resins set pretty quickly, some within a matter of minutes. It is commonly used for making toys and figurines. Polyurethane resins have proved suitable for cold casting and even mold making variations are available. The cast is quite durable and will not break easily. However, the only drawback is that the resin is sensitive to moisture and fails to cure properly in humid environments or even in molds that contain water.

Silicone resin: Not many people may be aware that resin comes in a silicone variation as well that again cures within hours. However, it yields a rubbery finish which is more suitable for making molds for casting other resins. These molds have a long shelf life and can be used again and again.

In sum, when it comes to deciding which resin to use, keep in mind that polyurethanes are best suited for most applications as they cure within minutes, are durable and can be buffed to a shine as well. However, you need to steer clear of the same polyurethanes when working in humid areas.

Polyester resin products turn out hard and can be sanded to get a glossy finish, but they may yellow with age. Epoxy resin is suitable but cannot be buffed and needs an additional layer of resin to get a good finish.

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Intensity of Emotion in Art

download-4The intensity of emotion is best expressed by using the dynamic methods of an art form. Every creative subject has its own formalized approaches for dynamic usage, but in general dynamics are tools we can use as options for increasing or decreasing the amount of emotion flowing between artist and audience.

The flow of emotion through art is a two-way flow occurring between two terminals – the artist’s mind and the audience’s mind. The flow is smooth when the emotional impact sends a feedback signal that is regular and consistent, but rough and jagged when inconsistencies cause disturbances to the balance of smoothness. Both of these effects change by manipulating the types of emotions in question with their artistic dynamic equivalents.

The emotional impact of a dynamic component can be altered in one of two basic categories: suddenly and gradually.

A sudden impact will manifest as a punch or direct influence with no subtlety about it, but sometimes it will occur as a harmonious and seamless emergence within a work of art. In contrast, a gradual emotional impact will usually seem to come from a far distance or an unexpected angle by slowly drawing an increasing amount of the audience’s attention to it for a pleasing surprise.

Using dynamics as a diagnostic tool is a way of testing, measuring, and adjusting the intensity of emotion in an art form.

Gradual change or a sudden impact basically comprise all types of dynamic categories, but it’s the combination, structure and timing of each of these elements that alter the distribution of emotional intensity in creative work.

By pushing some dynamic factors to extremes and reducing others to levels where you’d hardly notice their presence, you begin to get a feel for how each factor will interact with every other factor you’re using.

Here are a few dynamic components that an artist must control in any of their creative works that give them the power to alter the intensity of emotion as well as the emotional impact that is in their product.

Color

Texture

Volume

Depth

Balance

Timing

Tone

Grammar

Velocity

Style

Flavor

Harmony

Shape

Size

Height

Melody

Line

In whatever manner an artist uses dynamic components to generate new and unique artistic experiences, it is very important that the work expresses a clear statement and definite idea that is truly the artist’s creative vision. A simple concept, short phrase, ingredient list, color scheme, or dramatic theme are all great places to start.

Once you’ve got a basis or foundation from which to grow and build a composition, it’s easy to begin testing different dynamic components to determine the results of each experiment. Note taking can be extremely helpful and invaluable during this part of the process so as to trace your line of progress.

The process will soon accelerate and bring you even closer to the end product. Each line of progress will reveal some new element, an interesting combination of factors, or an unusual result that can be re-created and explored at a later time.

One of the most important keys to forming successful pieces of art is by illustrating in its structure how the result developed or grew. The combination of elements should form a harmony or balance of factors that seem like they couldn’t have existed apart from each other or that they somehow always belonged together.

Ultimately, the goal of experimenting with various dynamic elements is to make discoveries through unexpected surprises, marvelous accidents, or clever feats of chance that couldn’t have been planned in advance. This is the realm of game-changing artistic products, which are truly ground-breaking, and that usher in “the new” and set trends.

Every artistic idea possesses a little piece of the artist himself and becomes imbued with part of their life energy. This is part of the alchemy of creative work, where the artist extends himself into the work of art and the piece begins to take on a life of its own.

Marc Avante is a musician, sound designer, and blogger. He is also the founder of the music project called Stereo Thesis. Stereo Thesis is a prototype sound design and music studio.

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The Life of a Statue

The statues that I make start in a dimension between awakening and sleeping. Somewhere at a certain moment they are inside my hand and I draw them or they instantly find their way into clay or another material. And then they’re there. New statues, not yet finished at once. Something still has to be done. A cheek or a leg is not yet completed. Perhaps the basic shape is all right, but the skin needs some attention. Something still irritates and itches. So the statue has to wait until I am ready to see the right things and make the right changes. At a certain moment it has gained its own reason for existence, away from me. When it is a good sculpture, I will be surprised as well as another viewer. The sculpture will tell its own story, more complete than I intended when I was making it.

And then the moment comes when the statue is finished. All set to dry or be abraded or polished, due to the material I worked with.

The statue lives in my studio for a while. Covered by a bag and a piece of cloth. Or just naked between other statues in the making or almost finished. In my universe, in my breath, in my attention. Amongst friends and acquaintances, in the ballet of my hands. Until it is finished. Then it will be photographed (for the books) and put into a box to wait for an exhibition or a presentation.

At an exhibition the statues are in balance with each other and the surrounding work. Each piece getting the space it needs, with the right lighting, with an opponent who can handle it and is able to make it radiate. An ideal situation. People who come to visit, see the work in all its beauty.

And they buy it. The statue is coming home where it belongs. In a new environment surrounded by unfamiliar and strange novelties. And here the new owners also create the ideal situation, only in a completely different way, in a new universe with diverse life forms. Here the statue tells its story with a contrasting hue in a new light. Nuances move, the foundation born between awakening and sleeping remains forever. Everywhere.

Some sculptures will eventually be sold to museums, public spaces where they will be cared for and explained to many passers-by. Every now and then someone will be enchanted by the whisper from a strange universe and will recognize a part of his own heart.

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How to Buy Art, Tips and Tricks

– Find an artist who makes what appeals to you. Look on the internet, there are various online platforms. Visit galleries or art markets. Ask around. Looking at art repeatedly will help you to determine what you really like.

– Do you have financial space to spend money on art? Just how much are you able and willing to pay?

– If you do not have the financial resources, is there something else you can trade with the artist of your choice? Perhaps you can repair her car or help him with some book-keeping, help install an exhibition, take professional pictures of the works or swap goods you make.

– Buying directly from the artist really gives you your money’s worth. You avoid having to pay a broker.

– Ask the artist to show you some of his older pieces that might be in his way. Should you find something of your liking the benefit is mutual: the artist gains space in his studio with the knowledge that his work is appreciated by someone and you will have it at a very competitive price.

– Inform if the artist accepts payment by installments. Most artists will embrace this. Their work is sold, somebody likes it enough to buy it and they receive money.

– Check out second-hand shops in order to stumble across a work you like and when you find something, buy it immediately.

– Search for a place where you can borrow fine art. Having something particular in your house for a while enables you to discover what you like.

– Ask a familiar artist if you can lease a piece of art temporarily and arrange a discount price in case you like to keep it.

– Ask an artist to make something on assignment to your own design or for a special place.

– Ask money for your birthday, wedding or anniversary to enable you to buy art. If you tell people about your plan they will be reassured you will turn their money into a lasting memory.

– Befriend an artist. You might be the first to see his/her new work, you could get a discount and perhaps he/she will present you with something on a special occasion.

– Buy from a female artist. That is (regrettably for me) cheaper than buying from a man. This does mean you will get better value for the same price.

– Last but not least, just buy something that really touches you. This might not be the most accessible work, but it will stand the test of time brilliantly.

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Influence of Industrialism on Arts

Engineering, technology, and industrialization have made our lives much better. There is no doubt about that. They have transformed our society and for better or worse, they have also changed the way we perceive and admire Arts and Artisan’s efforts around us. But, to what extent?

Everything that modern man uses has been manufactured en masse and Information technology have made Earth a global village. People can interact with each other thousands of miles away in sub-seconds and travel around the world in a matter of hours. So, they have a faster and direct access to what is being expressed in the form of art and literature. That has changed things a lot too.

There were some art forms that were transformed with the advent of modern machines. Camera photography gave people the unprecedented ability to capture any moment instantaneously. When photography was invented in 1830, painters felt threatened by the new invention. They eventually distinguished Arts form from Photography and began to experiment with impressionism, abstract arts, surrealism and other forms of modern painting concepts that were partly fueled by industrialism and the new social settings in an industrial world. Another significant impact of the Industrial and Information Revolutions was the invention of products like the tube paint. As tube paints are collapsible, their invention made artists more mobile. It resulted in a better outreach of art.

With the advent of photographs and movie reels, a different art category emerged that has since overshadowed the rest in terms of popularity and mass appeal. It is the art of motion pictures and animation. It is the simplicity and mass appeal of this relatively new sensation that transcended all boundaries and made us fall in love with it. Now you didn’t need to understand a particular art form to be able to admire it. It also resulted in a decreased interest in other forms of expressive art.

The internet and communication revolution also brought a lot of changes into our lives and eliminated many boundaries. Recently, various art forms have thrived due to this increased connectivity and brought fame to artists from around the world. They have become richer and more recognized in public while inspiring new talents to come through.

On the downside, industrialism and connectivity has fueled our materialistic nature and decreased appreciation for harder-to-understand topics. But, despite all that, it has made artists and art better recognized around the world. The future is bright if we see it in the right light!

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Each Material Has Its Own Character

Sculpting is possible with all materials available. You can fold paper, carve, saw or assemble wood, compile different materials into one piece, weld, forge, emboss iron, mould clay, cast bronze or synthetic material, glue various things together, work with glass, whatever you want.

But only practice makes perfect. So when you happen to be inexperienced with a certain material, your sculpture will need to gain from other things that you do really well. When carving wood, for example, you have to consider the angle of the grain. You use your chisel at a certain tilt, the grain directing how much wood you can cut away. When studying ancient woodwork you will learn and understand why certain shapes were chosen. When you work with clay it may take a while before you are able to make skin look as smooth as you want to or leave it as coarse as needed. Working with bronze requires a separate technique. First making a wax model, creating a mould for casting, it is completely different from ceramics.

It might turn out to be frustrating when you want to try working with material previously unknown to you. But you can also turn that limitation to your favour. The advantage of using different materials is that they all create their own purview. The concept of wood is different from concrete, bricks are not like plastics, bronze is contrasting to clay. Employ that in your sculpture.

If you work with found materials your marvel about these treasures you found will play a big part in the work you make with them.

Most important when sculpting is to feel free, also with the material of your choice. You can try to explore your technical restrictions, but you could also call the help of an expert with the right knowledge of the material you wish to work with. Be sure to pick someone really skilled, creative and with lots of imagination.

It is also possible to choose one particular type of material and get to master that in such a way you are able to express yourself in every possible way with it.

But the base of sculpting remains the same. It is all about form, skin composition, concept. Your personal creation and its comment on humanity this day and age, thus expressing a universal feeling or your own universal truth.

You can make your own statue any which way you want. Isn’t that great?

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Shading Techniques in Art

Shading is the technique of showing tones or values on an object through gradual gradations for it to look ‘solid’ and have a three dimensional effect. Shading techniques allow you to weave layer upon layer of pencil marks to add a convincing form to your line drawing. Shading adds a sense of substance to your subject and produces a convincing tonal relationship. Drawings take on a three dimensional form when shaded properly.

To render shades correctly on drawn objects, the artist must carefully observe the source of light that is striking various values of tones or shades on the drawn objects. After realizing the source of light, the artist must study closely the reflections of the light on areas of the objects to know the lightest and darkest sections. After establishing the endpoints or extremes thus the lightest valued areas as well as the darkest valued areas, the remaining area with a mid-half tone between the two extremes is the middle value.

The tones are adjusted as many times to make it look realistic. It is advised that artists step back periodically to look at the drawing and the subject in a distance to view and adjust the tones accordingly. This would make the values depicted on the drawn objects more realistic. In the rendition of cast shadow, the artist must take note of the light source and the striking or reflection of the light on the objects. If the light is far above, the shorter the shadow is (try checking out your shadow at noon – 12:00PM) whereas the lower the light, the longer the cast shadow will become. The rule is that the darker the shadow, the brighter the light source. As the shadow is drawn further from the object, the lighter it becomes. The shadow takes on the shape of the item it comes from. Notice that to make the shadow, all you have to do is create a triangular shape from the top of the object to the ground and back to the base of the object. According to the light source, make your shadow fit accordingly.

There are various ways of rendering shades on a drawn object. Some of these are:

1. Hatching: This is a shading technique that employs one set of line either vertical, curved or horizontal lines in rendering shades on a drawn object. These lines are drawn beside one another to give the illusion of a value. Depending on the hatching shading effect one want to achieve, the artist may decide to make the individual lines in hatching sets far apart or close together.

2. Cross-hatching: This is a shading technique made by the use of lines that crosses each other at an angle in rendering shades on an object. In cross-hatching, one set of line crosses over (overlaps) another set of line to create a shade on a drawn object.

3. Stippling/Dottilism/Pointillism: This is a shading technique that employs dots or series of points in rendering the shades on an object.

4. Circularism/Squirkling/Scribbling: This is the use of circles, squirkles and scribbles in rendering a shade on an object. When squirkle sets have noticeable spaces between the lines, they work beautifully for shading various textures, such as fuzzy fabrics and curly hair. Squirkles can look like a solid tone when the lines are drawn closely together, and are great for shading lots of different aspects of people, including skin tones.

5. Tonal gradation/smudging: This is the rendering of soft tones on a drawn object and blending the tones together with the thumb, a piece of paper or a soft cloth.

Rendering shades on objects using any marking or drawing tool is an interesting practical exercise in art. However, to achieve successes, artists must learn the rudiments in shading so as to render shade on drawn objects based on the accepted rubrics of art.

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How to Find Wall Art That Compliments the Room It Is in

Above anything else in a room – art brings all the tangible components including furniture, fabrics and finishes together – but that is only where it begins. Art really contributes to the totality of a space, through creating atmosphere with enhancing the mood and personality of a room. Art presented together in such a way, heightens your senses, making the room a more inviting and inspiring place for you to be in.

For this cohesion to occur, the selection of art that best compliments a room comes about through a careful blending of discernment and paying close attention to your sensory responses to art.

It is important to discover the mood of the space through reviewing its style. The idea here is that art needs to reflect and be in concert with the existing space… to be in harmony with the room style.

It is best to start with thoughtfully observing the context and atmosphere the art will inhabit. Although there are numerous room styles, there are 4 that most will fall within. As a guideline these briefly include:

1. Contemporary rooms that show soft lines and linear shapes in neutral tones that are complete with one overriding bold colour as the feature.

2. Eclectic rooms present a variety of styles and moods through patterns, colours and textures that complement one another.

3. Traditional rooms tend to be classic in style and timeless in appeal. Warm complementary colours and warm wood appeal together present a cozy and relaxing atmosphere.

4. Romantic rooms present a more feminine expression with an emphasis on soft, sheer fabrics and light to pastel colours – subtle contrasts of between light and colour and other specialty textured design pieces are central to achieve this feeling and look.

Once the room style has been deciphered, it is time to consider what your preferences are for art. Whether buying original art from a gallery, limited editions prints, reproductions or poster art – the decision of what art to buy is the same.

For your residential space be sure to, above all, make it personal. You need to think about your preferences for art – what appeals to you – consider that whether you are sometimes glancing casually at your art, there will be days when you will want to study and stare at it – to that end, what is going to have staying power for you? Remember this art will be on your walls for an indefinite period of time so you will wish to exhibit art that has the potential to be pleasing and inspiring to you over the long term.

Don’t be too methodical or overthink it, just try to become one with what you like about certain art, but try to keep it simple and somewhat spontaneous. If you are working with an art consultant or interior designer, they will draw this from you and that will help you to better understand yourself when it comes to choosing art.

If working on your own, ask yourself: What really appeals to you in terms of colour and style including abstracts, post-modern or vintage art? Is there a particular subject that you connect to – landscapes, animals, seascapes or people? What about the medium used to create the art – acrylic, water colour, digital, photography or something more adventurous? Do you prefer large expressive pieces, or smaller, dainty images presented in relational groups? The options are truly endless and not limited to your imagination…

Next, it is advisable to think about the money that you have to spend, as you can’t appreciate your art purchases if you spend beyond what you are comfortable with. Like anything, it is easy to become carried away with the beauty and breadth of art selections that are available to you. To that end, it is wise to have a working budget that will provide you with a general guideline for your spending. The art medium that you choose will often dictate what you can spend; however there are lovely and desirable pieces to be found with every medium, style and taste.

Through being prepared and enlightened with all of the above, you should be well on your way to choosing art that will not only tie your space together… but it will make you feel that you belong to a place that is positively reflective of you.

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Care Tips For Your Acrylic Displays

Acrylic is among the most popular materials used for display cabinets and display cases. You will also find acrylic display stands and shelves that are suitable for your business to present products in an impressive way that attracts the customers. The good looks of the material are probably its best-selling point, it is a hard plastic that looks like glass and apart from the clear look, you can also find the plastic in several other colors so you can select what works best for your business.

Acrylic displays are impact resistant, making them ideal for busy stores that even experience playful children. You will have fewer accident worries when you have acrylic display cases and you do not even to think about replacement costs. If you are a business that sells food, the displays also work best because will not be affected by elements such as high temperatures that could end up ruining your food. This is a material that is also not that hard to clean and maintain and you will spend less time on the cleaning. It is not that hard to maintain a clean fabulous look with your acyclic display cases but a few tips will still help you accord the displays you choose the best care.

Tip 1 – Cleaning the acrylic displays

The hard plastic is prone to scratches and you therefore will need to ensure that you handle it in the best way possible to keep such damages at bay. The display cases are usually delivered cleaned with anti-static cleaner to offer that extra protection from scratches. When you feel a need to clean them, ensure that you do not use solvent based cleaners or window cleaners because they will only make the material crack over time especially around the joints. A good furniture polish would be a much better choice because it forms anti-static barriers that will repel dust and resist scratching. You do not even need to add the polish every time you dust your acrylic display but every few weeks.

Tip 2 – Removing scratches from the acrylic displays

If you find that your display has suffered scratches, you can use metal polish wadding to get rid of light scratches. You will only need to rub affected areas in straight motions going forward and backwards across the scratch direction to get a better finish. The scratch may disappear or you will at least manage to fade it so it is not that visible. You can then spray your furniture polish after rubbing the wadding on the scratches.

Tip 3 – Drilling holes in your displays

Whether you have acrylic display shelves or acrylic display stands, you may have a need to drill holes. Poor drilling can lead to damages so start by ensuring that you regrind the drill bit to zero rake so it does not pull its way through. You should also ensure that you have something behind your display to prevent snatching once the drill goes through the acrylic. Avoid countersinking holes on acrylic displays because the screws will eventually pull the holes apart forming cracks.

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Relevant Tips For Package Designing and Construction

Products must be packaged in a well-designed and constructed packages to attract clients. A wide range of tools, materials and techniques can be used in the designing and production of packages. Some of these materials include cardboard, metal, glass, plastic, fabric, straw, polythene, Styrofoam, etc. The choice of any of these materials for the building of a package is dependent on some factors. Such factors include the kind of product the package is intended to protect, its transportation, the period or duration for the safe keeping of the product, etc. Also, in the selection of a suitable material as a package for a product, the artist should consider seriously the size, shape, and design of the product as well as the background of the intended buyers or market group. This largely dictates the choice of material and technique to be used for the designing and construction of the package.

Label

It is a slip of paper or other material which is well designed and decorated for affixing on bottles, cans, plastic containers etc. to indicate its nature, ownership and destination. Labels are used for advertising products. Labels are attractive and they give information about the product. A label should not be too large, that is, it must be small in size. The illustration must be legible such that it can be read at a glance.

The information on labels include the name of the product, the manufacturer’s address and contact numbers, expiry date, instructions on how to use the product, the quantity or dosage of the product contained in the package, the list of ingredients etc. Labels are characterized by several indications.

1. A label is clearly written.
2. It provides information of the product example; nature, ownership and destination.
3. They are pasted on packages of products.
4. Label is usually of small dimension.
5. Information on labels is generally brief.

Container

A container is a ‘box -shaped’ or ‘cylinder-shaped’ it for carrying goods or anything that can contain goods. Examples of containers include carton, box, crate, tins, cans, bottles etc. Containers must be of standardized size in order to facilitate easy transfer from one place to the other. It must be strong enough to carry the product. It must also bear the name of the product; the manufacturer’s address and contact as well as the country’s origin. Containers protect and preserve the product. They also make the handling of products very easy.

Wrapper

A wrapper is a protective cover for parcels, objects etc. It is made from coarse paper, shiny rubber-like material etc. Wrappers are colourful and attractive. They are often produced to reflect the occasion on which they are to be used. Examples of such occasions include Birthday, Wedding, Christmas, Outdooring etc. A wrapper should be designed to look beautiful in terms of motifs and design element such as line, shape, colour and texture. The design on a wrapper should start with a motif and should create patterns as they are repeated. The motifs should create positive shapes and negative spaces. The motifs and lettering type should be chosen and developed to suit the occasion. In designing a wrapper, the package designer must follow these steps.

1. Determine the content to be covered by the wrapping paper.
2. Find the occasion on which it is to be used such as Christmas, wedding ceremony etc.
3. Carry out several studies by sketching motif that reflects the content and the occasion.
4. The motifs for large wrapper should form repeated patterns while those for small wrappers may not be repeated at all. An example is a wrapper for toffee etc.
5. If the wrapper is to have repeated patterns, then design the motifs in such a way that gaps will create harmonized negative spaces.
6. The designs chosen for the designing of wrappers should be able to be produced in mass quantities by printing.
7. The designs, choice of colour and size of the motif must suit the occasion, the content of the product, the age group and sex of the intended user etc.

Wrappers have various uses. They serve as a protective cover for products. Also, they assist in creating suspense or surprise for the recipients of the product which is usually given as gifts. Moreover, they make the handling of the product or items wrapped easy and portable while improving the appearance and attraction of parcels. Finally, they are used in concealing the contents of a parcel from onlookers.

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